UN rights experts hail Myanmar journalists’ release

            By Erdogan Cagatay Zontur</p>  <p>ANKARA (AA) - UN human rights experts welcomed on Wednesday the release of two Reuters journalists in Myanmar but said they have serious concerns about the judicial process in the country and the fact that their guilty verdicts still stand.</p>  <p>Wa Lone, 32, and Kyaw Soe Oo, 28, who had been detained since December 2017, were each sentenced to seven years in prison last September for allegedly breaching a colonial-era law by investigating the killing of 10 Rohingya men in Myanmar’s Rakhine state in 2017.</p>  <p>“While it is good news that Wa Lone and Kyaw Soe Oo have been reunited with their families and will not have to carry out the remainder of their sentences, their convictions under the Official Secrets Act have not been withdrawn and they should never have been prosecuted in the first place,” said the UN Special Rapporteur on the Situation of Human Rights in Myanmar, Yanghee Lee, and the UN Special Rapporteur on the promotion and protection of the right to freedom of opinion and expression, David Kaye.</p>  <p>  “We remain terribly concerned about the state of media freedom and the democratic space in Myanmar. The authorities have a considerable way to go to in law, policy and institution-building to ensure a minimum level of democratic space, which is particularly important in the lead-up to national elections next year,” the statement said.</p>  <p>  The two Reuters journalists were among 6,520 inmates released Tuesday under a third round of pardons by Myanmar President Win Myint to celebrate the traditional New Year, which began April 17.</p>  <p>&quot;I’m really happy and excited to see my family and my colleagues,&quot; Wa Lone told a crowd of reporters after his release.</p>  <p>    <p> Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.</p>  <p>According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.</p>  <p>Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).</p>  <p>The UN has also documented mass gang rapes, killings -- including of infants and young children -- and brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces. </p>  <p>In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity and genocidal intent.

UN envoy: Situation in Myanmar must be referred to ICC

             By Bayram Altug </p>    <p>GENEVA (AA) - The UN Special Rapporteur on Myanmar called on Monday for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) by the Security Council, or a state party or group of states parties.</p>    <p>Speaking at the 40th session of the Human Rights Council, Yanghee Lee said: “Victims must not be forced to wait in the purgatory of international inaction; if it is not possible to refer the situation to the ICC, the international community should consider establishing an independent tribunal,” Lee said. </p>    <p>Lee said that she is “fearful of an increasingly internationalized situation of the Rohingya, with deportations from India and Saudi Arabia recently, as well as a boat arrival in Malaysia just last week”.</p>    <p>“I am troubled to hear reports from Bangladesh Government officials that in April they plan to relocate 23,000 Rohingya refugees from the camps in Cox’s Bazar to Bhashan Char, a recently emerged island in the Bay of Bengal.”</p>    <p>&quot;Ill-planned relocation, and relocations without the consent of the refugees concerned have the potential to create a new crisis,” the UN rapporteur warned. </p>    <p>“It is incumbent on the Government of Bangladesh to ensure that this is not brought about,” she said.  </p>  <p> </p>  <p>- Conflict between ethnic armed organizations </p>    <p>The UN envoy also voiced her concern over the conflict between ethnic armed organizations in the northern Myanmar state of Shan. </p>    <p>“Despite the four-month unilateral ceasefire declared by the military in December in the north and east of the country, I am increasingly concerned about the conflict between ethnic armed organizations in Shan State,” she said. </p>    <p>“There are recent reports of civilian deaths and thousands of people have been temporarily displaced from their homes over the last few months, with 1,700 people fleeing from Namtu and Hsipaw since 27 February.</p>    <p>“This repeated and ongoing violation serves only to traumatize and re-traumatize adults and children, disrupting their daily lives, education and livelihoods, and impacting on their ability to access healthcare and basic services. This must not continue.”</p>    <p>She reiterated her call to “all parties to conflicts around the country to protect civilians and take precautions, and to end hostilities.”</p>  <p>Two Rohingya refugees accompanied Lee during the conference. 

Hamide Hatun said that her husband and many members of her family were killed by the Myanmar army and urged the international community to bring justice for Rohingya Muslims.

“We want to return to our country in an honored and secure way, and want our full citizenship rights to be granted,” she said.

Muhip Ullah, the other Rohingya refugee, also called on everybody at the meeting to see their current situation in Cox Bazaar, expressing their expectation from the UN more action than words.

  • Persecuted community

    The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

    According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women, and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed to Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.

    Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

    More than 34,000 Rohingya were also thrown into fires, while over 114,000 others were beaten, said the OIDA report, titled "Forced Migration of Rohingya: The Untold Experience."

    Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.

    The UN has also documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces.

    In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity and genocidal intent.

    *Writing by Nilay Kar Onum

BM Özel Raportörü Arakan'daki şiddetten endişeli

CENEVRE (AA) – Birleşmiş Milletler (BM) İnsan Hakları Myanmar Özel Raportörü Yanghee Lee, Myanmar'ın Arakan eyaletinde tırmanışa geçen şiddet olaylarından endişe duyduklarını belirtti.

Özel Raportör Lee, yaptığı yazılı açıklamada, kasım ayından bu yana Myanmar ordusu (Tatmadaw) ile "Arakan ordusu" olarak nitelendirilen grup arasında çıkan çatışmalarda sivillerin öldüğünü ve yaralandığını kaydetti.

Sivil kayıplara ilişkin rakam paylaşmayan Lee, bölgedeki çatışmaların en az 5 bin kişiyi yerinden ettiğini bildirdi.

"Her iki taraf da sivillerin korunması için önlem almak zorunda." ifadesini kullanan Lee, Arakan ordusunun 4 Ocak'ta dört Sınır Muhafız Polisi noktasına yaptığı saldırıyı kınadı.

Myanmar ordusunun orantısız karşılık vermesinden kaygı duyduğunu vurgulayan Lee, 4 Ocak'taki saldırının ardından bölgeye çok sayıda asker sevk edildiğini, helikopterler ve ağır silahlarla yapılan saldırıların sivillerin ölmesine veya yaralanmasına yol açtığını ifade etti.

Lee, Arakan Müslümanları dahil bölge halkının yeterince acı çektiğini anımsatarak, "Arakan'da şimdi olup bitenler, Tatmadaw’ın yıllarca etnik nüfusa karşı kullandığı taktikleri hatırlatıyor." değerlendirmesinde bulundu.

Arakan halkına şiddetin devam ettiğinin altını çizen Lee, Arakan eyaletinin merkezi ve kuzeyinde tırmanışa geçen şiddet olayları ve hükümetin kullandığı nefret dilinden endişe duyduğunu belirtti.

Yanghee Lee, Arakan eyaletine yönelik insani yardımların engellenmemesi için hükümete çağrı yaparak, bunun yasa dışı bir uygulama olduğu uyarısında bulundu.

  • Arakanlı Müslümanlara etnik temizlik

BM'ye göre, 25 Ağustos 2017'den sonra Arakan'dan kaçıp Bangladeş'e sığınanların sayısı 720 bine ulaştı. Uluslararası insan hakları kuruluşları, yayımladıkları uydu görüntüleriyle yüzlerce köyün yok edildiğini kanıtladı.

BM ve uluslararası insan hakları örgütleri, Arakanlı Müslümanlara yönelik şiddeti "etnik temizlik" ya da "soykırım" olarak adlandırıyor.

Uluslararası medya ve yardım kuruluşlarının Arakan bölgesine girişini ciddi oranda kısıtlayan Myanmar hükümeti, Arakanlı Müslümanların dönüşlerine ilişkin verdiği sözleri de yerine getirmiyor.

İnsan hakları örgütleri, Arakanlı Müslümanların gerekli güvenli ortam sağlanmadan Myanmar'a dönmelerinin, yeni bir etnik temizlik kampanyasına yol açacağı endişesini taşıyor.

BM Uluslararası Myanmar Bağımsız Araştırma Misyonu Başkanı Marzuki Darusman ise Myanmar'a silah ambargosu ve sorumlulara yönelik yaptırım uygulanmasını istiyor.

UN official urges Bangladesh to halt Rohingya returns

By Can Erozden

ANKARA (AA) – A UN human rights official has implored Bangladesh to shelve its plans to start the repatriation of Rohingya Muslims to Myanmar this month, fearing they may face violence or abuse.

"I have not seen any evidence of the Government of Myanmar taking concrete and visible measures to create an environment where the Rohingya can return to their place of origin and live there safely with their fundamental rights guaranteed," Yanghee Lee, the special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, said in a statement on the UN website on Tuesday.

Lee said she fears the Rohingya may face suffering, violence, or abuse as Myanmar has failed to take any tangible measures for the Rohingya's return to the border state of Rakhine in November.

"Not only did the Rohingya face horrific violence at the hands of security forces in 2016 and 2017 with no accountability, they have been subjected to decades-long systematic discrimination and persecution in Myanmar," Lee said, urging both Bangladesh and Myanmar to call off the repatriation.

"I urge the Governments of Bangladesh and Myanmar to halt these rushed plans for repatriation, to ensure the protection of the Rohingya refugees and to adhere to their international human rights and refugee law obligations to ensure any returns are safe, sustainable, voluntary and dignified," she added.

– Persecution of Rohingya

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

More than 34,000 Rohingya were also thrown into fires, while over 114,000 others were beaten, said the OIDA report, titled "Forced Migration of Rohingya: The Untold Experience."

Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.

According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly children, and women, fled Myanmar and crossed into neighboring Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.

The UN has documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings, and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces. In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.

Myanmar uses forced starvation policy on Rohingya: UN

By Fatih Erel

GENEVA (AA) – Myanmar authorities have been using a policy of forced starvation to make life unsustainable for its Rohingya people, a UN rights expert warned on Monday.

"There appears to be a policy of forced starvation in place, designed to make life in northern Rakhine unsustainable for the Rohingya who remain," Yanghee Lee, UN special rapporteur on the situation of human rights in Myanmar, told the UN Human Rights Council in Geneva.

"Before repatriation can be really considered, Myanmar must break the cycle of violence in Rakhine, recognize the Rohingyas’ right to self-identify, restore their citizenship, and uphold their human rights," Lee said.

The villages that were once home to Rohingya who fled to Bangladesh have been bulldozed to the ground, said Lee.

"Just yesterday, new satellite imagery has revealed that military bases are being constructed in these bulldozed areas," he added.

Lee said the crimes committed by Myanmar authorities especially in the wake of October 2016 and Aug. 25, 2017 — when a military crackdown began — "bear the hallmarks of genocide and call in the strongest terms for accountability".

– New offensives

Lee also warned of new offensives in the states of Kachin and Kayin, east of Rakhine.

"I received information about the military conducting new ground offensives last week using heavy artillery in the Tanai gold and amber mining area of Kachin," Lee said.

"Not only does the Myanmar government have a responsibility to account for the alleged crimes in Rakhine state since October 9, 2016, and August 25, 2017, and the violations that continue today, but the international community must also be vigilant," Lee said.

Since Aug. 25, 2017, more than 750,000 refugees, mostly children, and women have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community, according to Amnesty International.

The refugees are fleeing a military operation in which security forces and Buddhist mobs have killed men, women and children, looted homes and torched Rohingya villages.

At least 9,000 Rohingya were killed in Rakhine from Aug. 25 to Sept. 24 last year, according to Doctors Without Borders.

In a report published last December, the humanitarian group said the deaths of 71.7 percent or 6,700 Rohingya were caused by violence. They include 730 children below the age of 5.

Turkey has been at the forefront of providing aid to Rohingya refugees, and President Recep Tayyip Erdogan has raised the issue at the UN.

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

The UN documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings, and disappearances committed by security personnel.

The UN also voiced "strong suspicions" that Myanmar’s ethnic Rohingya might be the victims of "genocide" and continued “ethnic cleansing."

In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.

“Arakanlılara yönelik şiddet, soykırım tanımına uyan özellikler taşıyor”

SEUL (AA) – Birleşmiş Milletler (BM) İnsan Hakları Myanmar Özel Raportörü Yanghee Lee, Myanmar ordusunun Arakanlı Müslümanlara yönelik şiddet eylemlerinin "soykırım tanımına uyan özellikler taşıdığını" söyledi.

Lee, Güney Kore'nin başkenti Seul'de yaptığı açıklamada, “Uluslararası güvenilirliğe sahip bir mahkeme delilleri değerlendirene dek soykırım konusunda kesin bir hüküm ileri süremeyeceğini” belirterek, “Ancak bunun işaretlerini görüyoruz ve deliller bizi bu sonuca götürüyor.” dedi.

Yanghee Lee, konuşmasında, Arakanlı Müslümanların durumunu görüşmek için Myanmar'daki şiddet olaylarından kaçarak Bangladeş'e sığınan Arakanlıların yaşadığı kamplara ve bölgedeki diğer yerlere yaptığı son ziyareti anlattı.

Associated Press (AP) haber ajansının, bugün, Arakan eyaletinin kuzeyindeki Buthidaung bölgesine bağlı Gu Dar Pyin köyünde, daha önce bilinmeyen en az 5 toplu mezarın varlığını teyit ettiklerini duyurmasına ilişkin soruya Lee, köy hakkında ayrıntılı bilgiye sahip olmadığını ancak mezarların, "Arakanlı Müslümanların başına gelenlere bir örnek olarak görülebileceğini" söyledi.

Myanmar’ın eylemlerinin “insanlığa karşı suç kapsamına girdiğini” ve "soykırım tanımına uyan özellikler taşıdığını" ifade eden Lee, “Bu eylemler bir bütün olarak bir soykırımın temel karakteristiklerini ortaya koyuyor.” dedi.

Bu tür raporların araştırılması gerektiğine dikkati çeken Lee, "Bu nedenle, bir araştırma komisyonu kurulması ve uluslararası medyanın Arakanlı Müslümanların yaşadığı bölgelere erişim sağlaması çağrısında bulunduk." ifadesini kullandı.

AP, mülteci kamplarında yaşayan Arakan eyaletindeki katliamın tanıklarıyla görüşmeleri, uydu görüntüleri ve cep telefonuyla çekilmiş kayıt tarihi belli videolar üzerinde yaptıkları incelemeler sonucunda, Arakan eyaletinin kuzeyindeki Buthidaung bölgesine bağlı Gu Dar Pyin köyünde, daha önce bilinmeyen en az 5 toplu mezarın varlığını teyit ettiklerini duyurmuştu.

Haberde, uydu görüntülerinde Myanmar ordusunun erişimini engellediği köydeki yerleşim yerlerinin yakılarak tamamen yok edildiğinin görüldüğü belirtilmişti.

Habere göre, Bangladeş'teki mülteci kamplarında bulunan köylüler de cep telefonu görüntülerinde toplu mezarlarda görülen 75 kişinin cenazesini teşhis etti. Katliamdan kurtulanların ve komşuların ifadelerinden hareketle toplu mezarlardaki ceset sayısının 400'ü bulabileceği tahmin ediliyor.

– Arakanlı Müslümanlara etnik temizlik

Birleşmiş Milletlerin (BM) açıkladığı son verilere göre, geçen yıl 25 Ağustos'tan bu yana Myanmar'daki şiddetten kaçan 655 bin Arakanlı Müslüman Bangladeş'e sığındı. Arakan'da 1970'lerde yaklaşık 2 milyon Müslüman'ın yaşadığı tahmin edilirken, sistematik saldırılardan kaçış nedeniyle bu sayı 350 binin altına geriledi.

Öte yandan uluslararası insan hakları kuruluşlarının yayınladığı uydu görüntülerine göre, bölgede Müslümanlara ait 350'den fazla köy yakıldı.

UN rapporteur on Myanmar to meet refugees in Bangladesh

By Fatih Erel

GENEVA (AA) – A UN investigator who was denied access to Myanmar will be visiting Bangladesh and Thailand on Jan. 18-30.

In December, Myanmar had denied access to Yanghee Lee, the UN’s special rapporteur, who was set to visit the country in January to assess the human rights situation.

"I am determined to carry on — to the best of my ability — this very important task of helping the victims of human rights violations and abuses in Myanmar, as mandated to me by the United Nations system,” Lee said in a statement on Tuesday.

"By not giving me access to Myanmar and by refusing to cooperate with the mandate, my task is made much more difficult, but I will continue to obtain first-hand accounts from victims and witnesses of human rights violations by all means possible, including by visiting neighboring countries where some have fled," she said.

Lee will visit Bangladesh on Jan. 18-24 and Thailand thereafter until Jan. 30.

In Bangladesh, Lee has been planning to visit Dhaka and the refugee camps and settlements near Cox’s Bazar to meet refugees and community leaders.

"The Government [of Myanmar] has accused me of bias, while at the same time denying that human rights violations have taken place in Myanmar,” said Lee and added: "I would ask the authorities to rethink their position, and to put the victims first."

"I have a responsibility to speak on behalf of these victims, and I will not be deterred. This is why I am going ahead to visit neighboring countries to reach out as far as possible to all victims and witnesses to learn of their experience," she added.

Following her visit, Lee will present a report on Myanmar to the UN Human Rights Council in March.

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

Since Aug. 25, 2017, some 650,000 refugees, mostly children and women, fled Myanmar when Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community, according to the UN. At least 9,000 Rohingya were killed in Rakhine state from Aug. 25 to Sept. 24, according to Doctors Without Borders.

In a report published on Dec. 12, the global humanitarian organization said that the deaths of 71.7 percent or 6,700 Rohingya were caused by violence. They include 730 children below the age of 5.

The UN has documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings, and disappearances committed by security personnel. In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.

BM Özel Raportöründen Myanmar kararı

CENEVRE (AA) – Myanmar hükümetinin, ülkeye tüm erişim izinlerini iptal ettiği Birleşmiş Milletler (BM) İnsan Hakları Myanmar Özel Raportörü Yanghee Lee'nin, komşu ülkeler Bangladeş ve Tayland'ı ziyaret edeceği bildirildi.

Lee, yaptığı yazılı açıklamada, "BM sistemi tarafından bana emredildiği şekilde, Myanmar'daki insan hakları ihlalleri ve istismarlarına maruz kurbanlara yardımcı olabilmek adına bu denli önemli görevimi devam ettirmeye kararlıyım." ifadesini kullandı.

Myanmar hükümetinin ülkeye tüm erişim izinlerini iptal ettiğini ve görev süresi boyuncu kendisiyle hiçbir şekilde iş birliği yapmayacağını bildirdiğini anımsatan Lee, bu kararın işini zorlaştırdığını vurguladı. Lee, buna rağmen, komşu ülkeler Bangladeş ve Tayland'a sığınan kurbanlarla doğrudan görüşmeler yaparak Myanmar'daki insan hakları ihlallerini raporlaştıracağını kaydetti.

Özel Raportör Lee'nin 18-24 Ocak'ta Bangladeş, ardından da 30 Ocak'a kadar Tayland'ı ziyaret edeceği, hazırlayacağı raporu da BM Cenevre Ofisi'nde mart ayında düzenlenecek İnsan Hakları Konseyine sunacağı öğrenildi.

Lee, 20 Aralık 2017'de yaptığı açıklamada, Myanmar hükümetinin ülkeye tüm erişim izinlerini iptal ettiğini ve görev süresi boyunca kendisiyle hiçbir şekilde iş birliği yapmayacağını bildirdiğini aktararak, karara sert tepki göstermişti.

Myanmar hükümetinin bu kararının "ön yargılı" ve "adaletsiz" olduğunu vurgulayan Lee, "Myanmar hükümetinin bu kararından şaşkınlığa ve hayal kırıklığına uğradım. Görevim süresince benimle iş birliği olmadığını gösteren bu deklarasyon, sadece, Arakan eyaletiyle ülkenin geri kalanında bazı korkunç olaylar yaşandığının göstergesi olarak görülebilir. Myanmar'ın bu yola girmeye karar vermesi utanç verici." değerlendirmesinde bulunmuştu.

– Arakanlı Müslümanlara etnik temizlik

BM'nin açıkladığı en son rakamlara göre, geçen yıl 25 Ağustos'tan bu yana Myanmar'daki şiddetten kaçan 655 bin Arakanlı Müslüman Bangladeş'e geçti. Arakan'da 1970'lerde yaklaşık 2 milyon Müslüman'ın yaşadığı tahmin edilirken, sistematik saldırılardan kaçış nedeniyle bu sayı 350 binin altına geriledi.

Öte yandan uluslararası insan hakları kuruluşlarının uydu görüntülerine göre, bölgede Müslümanlara ait 350'den fazla köy kundaklandı.

BM’den Arakan tepkisi

YANGON (AA) – Birleşmiş Milletler (BM) Myanmar İnsan Hakları Özel Raportörü Yanghee Lee, Myanmar hükümetinin, Arakan eyaletinde Müslümanlara yönelik şiddet olaylarının altında yatan sorunların üstesinden gelinmesi bağlamında yeterince çaba göstermediğini söyledi.

Myanmar’a 12 günlük ziyaretinin ardından açıklama yapan Yanghee Lee, Myanmar hükümetinin, Arakan eyaletinde yaşanan şiddet olaylarının altında yatan nedenlerin aşılması konusunda yeterince çaba göstermediğini ve kendi soruşturmasının engellenmeye çalışıldığını bildirdi.

Lee, tüm bunların kendisinde hayal kırıklığı ve öfke yarattığını dile getirerek, Myanmar hükümetinin ayrıca Arakan eyaletinde bazı bölgeleri ve ordunun operasyonlar düzenlediği eyaletin kuzeyini ziyaret etmesine izin vermediğini ifade etti.

BM Myanmar İnsan Hakları Özel Raportörü Lee, “Rohingyalar açısından genel durum, ocak ayındaki son ziyaretimden bu yana neredeyse hiç gelişme göstermemiş, Arakan’ın kuzeyinde daha da içinden çıkılmaz bir hale gelmiş.” diye konuştu.

Operasyonlar sırasında güvenlik güçleri tarafından gerçekleştirildiği iddia edilen ihlaller konusunda bilgi almayı sürdürdüğünü, ayrıca hükümetle iş birliği yaptığı sanılan Rohingyaların hedef alındığına dair duyumlar aldığını aktaran Lee, ihlaller konusunda soruşturma dahil olmak üzere somut adımların atılması gerektiğine işaret etti.

Lee, ziyaretinin bulgularını bir rapor halinde BM Genel Kuruluna sunacak.

Myanmar’ın Arakan eyaletinde 2016 yılı ekim ayında sınır karakollarına saldırılar düzenlenmiş, 13’ü güvenlik görevlisi 29 kişi ölmüştü. Saldırıların ardından bölgeye çok sayıda asker ve polis sevk edilmiş, operasyon başlatılmıştı.

Rohingya dayanışma grupları, geçen yıl ekimden aralık ayına kadar eyalette 400 Arakanlı Müslüman’ın öldüğünü belirtirken, Myanmar hükümeti ölü sayısının 86 olduğunu savunmuştu.

Operasyonlar nedeniyle 90 binden fazla Arakanlı Müslüman’ın evlerini terk etmek zorunda kaldığı belirtiliyor.

Myanmar defends rejection of UN human rights probe

By Kyaw Ye Lynn

YANGON, Myanmar (AA) – The UN’s attempts to investigate alleged abuses against Rohingya Muslims in western Myanmar is unnecessary and will only “aggravate” the situation, a senior official said Tuesday.

The government has refused entry to a UN team probing allegations of killing, rape and torture by security forces against Rohingya during a four-month security operation in the Maungdaw area of Rakhine state.

A UN report issued in February uncovered widespread human rights violations by security forces in Rakhine that indicated crimes against humanity.

By interviewing Rohingya refugees in neighboring Bangladesh, the UN documented mass gang rape, killings, including of babies and young children, brutal beatings and disappearances.

On July 9, Yanghee Lee, the UN’s special rapporteur on human rights in Myanmar, arrived in capital Nay Pyi Taw for a 12-day visit. She hopes to visit Maungdaw.

However, National Security Advisor Thaung Tun said Tuesday that the government “disassociated itself [from the visit] because we found it was less than constructive.”

Addressing diplomats and UN officials in Yangon, he added: “We believe that the mission can only aggravate the situation on the ground.”

His remarks follow the release of a World Food Program (WFP) report last week which reported that the crackdown — launched last October after nine police officers were killed in Maungdaw — had left nearly 226,000 Rohingya on the brink of starvation.

– Military inquiry

The (WFP) said nearly one-third of the population in northern Rakhine, where Rohingya Muslims form the majority, were identified as severely food-insecure and in need of humanitarian assistance. Among them were an estimated 80,500 children under the age of five.

Thaung Tun claimed humanitarian aid had reached nearly 95 percent of the affected area as UN agencies and international NGOs were allowed to return to the region in January.

“We also let independent local and foreign journalists visit the area,” he added.

A military inquiry into allegations of human rights violations cleared the military of widespread abuses and found three soldiers guilty of relatively minor offenses, despite the government admitting 106 people were killed during the operation.

Rohingya groups have said approximately 400 were slain.

Thousands of Rohingya have sheltered in refugee camps since communal violence flared in Rakhine in mid-2012.

The state is home to around 1.2 million Rohingya, who have long been officially labelled “Bengali” — a term suggesting they are illegal immigrants from Bangladesh. Despite having lived in the area for generations, Rohingya have been effectively denied citizenship by a 1982 nationality law and have restricted basic rights such as freedom of movement.