ABD 2018 İnsan Hakları Raporu'nu yayımladı

WASHINGTON (AA) – ABD Dışişleri Bakanlığının açıkladığı 2018 İnsan Hakları Raporu'nun Suudi Arabistan bölümünde yer alan Cemal Kaşıkçı cinayetiyle ilgili kısımda Veliaht Prens Muhammed Bin Selman’ın adının hiç geçmemesi dikkati çekti.

Bakanlığın her yıl yayımladığı rapor, Dışişleri Bakanı Mike Pompeo'nun katıldığı basın toplantısında kamuoyuyla paylaşıldı.

Raporun, Suudi Arabistan bölümünde yer alan Cemal Kaşıkçı cinayetiyle ilgili kısımda Veliaht Prens Muhammed Bin Selman’ın adının hiç geçmemesi dikkatlerden kaçmadı.

Raporda, "İfade ve barışçıl protesto özgürlüklerini kısıtlayan devletler, aynı zamanda dini, etnik ve diğer azınlık gruplara şiddet uyguluyor. Bireylerin temel itibarını baltalamak ahlaki açıdan endişe verici ve çıkarlarımızın altını oyuyor.” ifadesine yer verildi.

“Otoriter devletler, sivil toplumun denetiminden korktukları için baskı uyguluyor” ifadesi kullanılan raporda, Çin, Rusya, İran ve Kuzey Kore hükümetleri örnek gösterilerek insan haklarını günlük olarak ihlal ettikleri ve bunun sonucu olarak da ülkeleri istikrarsızlaştırdıkları belirtildi.

Raporda, terör örgütü DEAŞ'a ve diğer terör örgütlerinin sivillere yönelik acımasız saldırılarına da değinilerek, “DEAŞ, İran Hizbullah'ı, El Kaide, Taliban ve diğer grupların, katliam, bombalama, adam kaçırma, yasa dışı gözaltı, işkence ve mezhepsel kimliğe dayalı evlerden zorla tahliye gibi çok çeşitli insan hakları ihlalleri işledikleri" vurgulandı.

  • Myanmar'a eleştiri

Raporda, ayrıca Myanmar devletinin Arakanlı Müslümanlara uyguladığı şiddete değinildi.

Arakan'da keyfi veya yasa dışı öldürme, siyasi tutuklama ve insan ticareti gibi birçok ciddi insan hakları sorunlarının yaşandığına dikkat çekildi.

  • "Mısır hükümeti insan hakları ihlalini görmezden geliyor"

Mısır'daki insan hakları ihlallerine de değinilen raporda, Mısır hükümeti veya kurumları tarafından işlenen keyfi cinayetlere işaret edildi, ortadan kaybolma, hayatı tehlikeye atan cezaevi koşulları, işkence, siyasi mahkumiyet, basın, dini ve düşünce özgürlüklerinin kısıtlanması, sivillerin askeri mahkemelerde yargılanması gibi birçok hukuksuzluğun olduğu belirtildi.

Raporda, Mısır hükümetinin insan hakları suçları işleyen devlet görevlilerini takip etmediği ve cezalandırmadığı belirtilirken, "Hükümet, çoğu zaman söz konusu insan hakları ihlallerini ve güvenlik güçleri tarafından sivillere uygulanan korkunç şiddeti soruşturmuyor ve görmezden geliyor." ifadesi kullanıldı.

  • "Uygurlular insanlık dışı işkenceye maruz kalıyor"

Çin tarafından Uygur Türklerine uygulanan baskıya da değinilen raporda, 800 bin ile 2 milyon Uygur, Kazak ve diğer Müslüman gruplara ait bireylerin Çin tarafından tutuklanarak toplama kamplarına konulduğu, özellikle Sincan bölgesindekilerin uluslararası hukuka aykırı bir şekilde "zalimce, insanlık dışı ve aşağılayıcı" muamele veya işkenceye maruz kaldıkları belirtildi.

Raporda, "Azınlık Uygur etnik grubu üyeleri, söz konusu cezaevi ve kamplar içinde görev yapan güvenlik güçleri tarafından elektrik verilmek, dövülmek, basınçlı su ile sorgulanmak, bilinmeyen kimyasallar enjekte edilmek gibi sistematik işkence ve diğer aşağılayıcı muamelelere maruz kalıyor." ifadesi yer aldı.

  • YPG/PKK'ya kısa eleştiri

SDG ismini kullanan terör örgütü YPG/PKK tarafından Suriye'deki yerel halka uygulanan baskı ve şiddete çok kısa yer verilen raporda, örgütün özellikle DEAŞ'tan kurtarılan bölgelerdeki Arapları zorla evlerinden çıkarttığı, yerel kanaat önderlerinin, gazetecileri ve sivilleri tutukladığı kaydedildi.

Raporda, YPG'nin çocukları zorla silah altına aldığı, muhaliflere işkence ve yargısız infaz uyguladığı vurgulandı.

US report eschews bin Salman's role in Khashoggi murder

            By Michael Hernandez</p>  <p>WASHINGTON (AA) - The Trump administration on Wednesday continued to whitewash Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman's role in the murder of Washington Post columnist Jamal Khashoggi. </p>  <p>In its annual human rights report, the State Department said Khashoggi was killed by 'government agents' but continued to shy away from naming Saudi Arabia's de factor ruler as being behind the grisly murder.</p>  <p>Khashoggi was killed shortly after he entered the Saudi consulate in Istanbul on Oct. 2. Saudi Arabia initially denied any knowledge of his whereabouts, claiming he left the diplomatic facility in good health the same day he went missing. </p>  <p>But following a rising number of contradictions in its narrative, Riyadh sought to blame the journalist's death on a botched rendition operation being carried out by rogue agents. </p>  <p>That explanation fell flat for many, including congressional leaders, who insist Khashoggi's high-profile murder could not have been carried out without bin Salman's blessing. </p>  <p>The CIA determined with high confidence in November that bin Salman ordered Khashoggi's killing. </p>  <p>Despite explicitly naming Khashoggi's murder as a rights abuse, the State Department did not draw any conclusions about who was responsible, instead pointing to actions the Kingdom has taken which have been criticized as efforts to assign blame on lower-ranking officials.</p>  <p>It did, however, say that the killing was one instance in which the Saudi &quot;government or its agents engaged in arbitrary or unlawful killings&quot;.</p>  <p>On China, the report said Beijing has engaged in detaining between 800,000 to over 2 million Uighur Muslims, ethnic Kazakhs and other Muslims in detention camps that have been a source of international outcry. </p>  <p>The report said the camps in the country’s northwestern Xinjiang region have been the site of &quot;torture and other cruel, inhuman, or degrading treatment or punishment,&quot; despite laws that prohibit such abuses, pointing to &quot;military-style discipline and pervasive political indoctrination of the detainees&quot;. </p>  <p>&quot;Members of the minority Uighur ethnic group reported systematic torture and other degrading treatment by law enforcement officers and officials working within the penal system and the internment camps,&quot; it said. </p>  <p>&quot;Survivors stated authorities subjected individuals in custody to electrocution, waterboarding, beatings, stress positions, injection of unknown substances and cold cells,&quot; it added.</p>  <p>Switching to Myanmar, the State Department continued to document widespread rights abuses against the country's Rohingya Muslim minority group, saying over 13,000 people fled to Bangladesh between January and September as the Myanmar government consistently prevented aid from reaching the devastated region. </p>  <p>It further noted that following the Myanmar military's military campaign in Rakhine state, authorities have bulldozed village remnants, demolished buildings and cleared plant life &quot;to reshape some former Rohingya villages and replace former establishments with security bases and other structural developments&quot;.</p>  <p>Roughly 128,000 Rohingya remain displaced within Myanmar following intercommunal violence that began in 2012, according to the report. 

UN envoy: Situation in Myanmar must be referred to ICC

             By Bayram Altug </p>    <p>GENEVA (AA) - The UN Special Rapporteur on Myanmar called on Monday for the situation in Myanmar to be referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) by the Security Council, or a state party or group of states parties.</p>    <p>Speaking at the 40th session of the Human Rights Council, Yanghee Lee said: “Victims must not be forced to wait in the purgatory of international inaction; if it is not possible to refer the situation to the ICC, the international community should consider establishing an independent tribunal,” Lee said. </p>    <p>Lee said that she is “fearful of an increasingly internationalized situation of the Rohingya, with deportations from India and Saudi Arabia recently, as well as a boat arrival in Malaysia just last week”.</p>    <p>“I am troubled to hear reports from Bangladesh Government officials that in April they plan to relocate 23,000 Rohingya refugees from the camps in Cox’s Bazar to Bhashan Char, a recently emerged island in the Bay of Bengal.”</p>    <p>&quot;Ill-planned relocation, and relocations without the consent of the refugees concerned have the potential to create a new crisis,” the UN rapporteur warned. </p>    <p>“It is incumbent on the Government of Bangladesh to ensure that this is not brought about,” she said.  </p>  <p> </p>  <p>- Conflict between ethnic armed organizations </p>    <p>The UN envoy also voiced her concern over the conflict between ethnic armed organizations in the northern Myanmar state of Shan. </p>    <p>“Despite the four-month unilateral ceasefire declared by the military in December in the north and east of the country, I am increasingly concerned about the conflict between ethnic armed organizations in Shan State,” she said. </p>    <p>“There are recent reports of civilian deaths and thousands of people have been temporarily displaced from their homes over the last few months, with 1,700 people fleeing from Namtu and Hsipaw since 27 February.</p>    <p>“This repeated and ongoing violation serves only to traumatize and re-traumatize adults and children, disrupting their daily lives, education and livelihoods, and impacting on their ability to access healthcare and basic services. This must not continue.”</p>    <p>She reiterated her call to “all parties to conflicts around the country to protect civilians and take precautions, and to end hostilities.”</p>  <p>Two Rohingya refugees accompanied Lee during the conference. 

Hamide Hatun said that her husband and many members of her family were killed by the Myanmar army and urged the international community to bring justice for Rohingya Muslims.

“We want to return to our country in an honored and secure way, and want our full citizenship rights to be granted,” she said.

Muhip Ullah, the other Rohingya refugee, also called on everybody at the meeting to see their current situation in Cox Bazaar, expressing their expectation from the UN more action than words.

  • Persecuted community

    The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

    According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women, and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed to Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.

    Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

    More than 34,000 Rohingya were also thrown into fires, while over 114,000 others were beaten, said the OIDA report, titled "Forced Migration of Rohingya: The Untold Experience."

    Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.

    The UN has also documented mass gang rapes, killings — including of infants and young children — brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces.

    In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity and genocidal intent.

    *Writing by Nilay Kar Onum

Myanmar: Rakhine ethnic rebels kill nine police

By Kyaw Ye LynnYANGON, Myanmar (AA) – Myanmar authority on Sunday has confirmed that nine police were killed during a late night attack by ethnic rebel group in Myanmar’s trouble western Rakhine state.Rakhine ethnic rebel group, Arakan Army (AA), had raided a police station in Yoetayote village near state capital Sittwe at midnight on Saturday, the latest of the group’s several attacks on security forces and government officials in the area.Maung Maung Soe, deputy chief of police force in Rakhine state confirmed that all nine police, who were at the police station, were killed during the attack.“About a hundred AA members surrounded the police station, and demanded the police to surrender last night (Saturday night). Fighting broke out as they refused to do so,” he told Anadolu Agency by phone on Sunday.“Nine police were killed by gunshot,” he said.Armed clashes have intensified in Rakhine state, especially in northern parts, since March last year when the AA claiming represents Rakhine state’s majority Buddhist ethnic returned to base forces in the area.Nearly 10,000 people, mostly ethnic Rakhine Buddhists, fled their homes since military launched an offensive in Rakhine state after AA killed at least 13 security forces during a coordinated attacked four boarder guard police outpost stations near Myanmar’s border with Bangladesh in January.Alongside its alliance rebel groups, AA previously fought the government troops in northern Kachin state and northeastern Shan state.

China offers cash to lure Rohingya refugees to Myanmar

By Pizaro Gozali

JAKARTA (AA) – A Chinese government delegation has reportedly met Rohingya refugees in Bangladesh promising them $6,000 each if they returned to Rakhine State in Myanmar, from where they had earlier fled persecution.

BenarNews reported on Wednesday that Sun Gouxiang, a Chinese envoy for Asian affairs, met 15 men and 14 women at Kutupalong refugee camp in the southeastern town of Cox’s Bazar on Sunday.

“They asked whether we would return to Myanmar if they gave us $6,000,” said Syed Ullah, the secretary general of the advocacy group Arakan Rohingya Society for Peace And Human Rights (ARSPH).

He added that he rejected the offer saying they will not return unless they were granted citizenship with Rohingya identity.

A Bangladeshi official who attended the meeting confirmed to BenarNews that the Chinese delegation had offered some money to help rebuild their homes in Rakhine State.

“At least 200,000 new houses must be built for Rohingya refugees who have been living in Bangladesh, but it would be very difficult to do so,” the official added.

According to the official, it would be impossible to build their houses as most refugees have lost the men in their households during the military crackdown.

The Chinese Embassy in Dhaka has not responded to this report.

Delwar Hossain, an official at the Bangladesh Foreign Ministry, said the ministry had arranged a meeting between the Chinese delegation and Rohingya refugees.

Meanwhile, Munshi Fayez, former Bangladeshi ambassador to Beijing, revealed that China wanted to talk to refugees to protect Myanmar from international pressure.

He also said China would get economic benefits from the repatriation as China wanted to establish an economic zone in Rakhine State. If the Rohingya issues remained unresolved, they cannot carry out their plan.

According to the New Light of Myanmar – a government-owned newspaper – Sun has visited several villages in Rakhine State and also met with Myanmar’s de facto leader Aung San Suu Kyi in Naypyidaw on Feb. 27.

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.

Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

More than 34,000 Rohingya were also thrown into fires, while over 114,000 others were beaten, said the OIDA report, titled "Forced Migration of Rohingya: The Untold Experience."

Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.

The UN has also documented mass gang rapes, killings – including of infants and young children – brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces.

In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity and genocidal intent.

İslam İşbirliği Teşkilatından Myanmar kararı

DAKKA (AA) – İslam İşbirliği Teşkilatı (İİT), Uluslararası Adalet Divanı'nı (UAD), Myanmar'daki Arakanlı Müslümanların yasal haklarının tanınması için harekete geçirme yönündeki kararı oy birliği ile kabul etti.

Birleşik Arap Emirlikleri'nin Abu Dabi kentinde düzenlenen 46. İİT Dışişleri Bakanları Konseyi toplantısının ardından Bangladeş Dışişleri Bakanlığından yapılan açıklamada, İİT'nin, Myanmar'daki Arakanlı Müslümanların yasal haklarının tanınması ve bu topluluğa karşı işlenen suçların sorumlularının adalet önünde hesap vermesi için UAD'ye harekete geçme çağrısı yapan kararı oy birliği ile kabul ettiği belirtildi.

Açıklamada, Myanmar'a karşı UAD aracılığıyla yasal bir yol izlenmesi yönündeki kararın, ülkedeki Arakanlı Müslümanların maruz kaldığı insan hakları ihlallerinin ve insanlığa karşı suçların sorumlularının hesap vermesi amacıyla uzun müzakerelerin ardından alındığı kaydedildi.

Bakanlığın "önemli bir diplomatik atılım" olarak nitelendirdiği kararın, 1-2 Mart tarihlerinde düzenlenen 46. İİT Dışişleri Bakanları Konseyi toplantısının son oturumunda kabul edildiği bildirildi.

  • Arakanlı Müslümanlara etnik temizlik

Arakan'da 2012'de Budistler ile Müslümanlar arasında çatışmalar çıkmış, olaylarda çoğu Müslüman binlerce kişi katledilmiş, yüzlerce ev ve iş yeri ateşe verilmişti.

Arakan'daki sınır karakollarına 25 Ağustos 2017'de düzenlenen eş zamanlı saldırıları gerekçe gösteren Myanmar ordusu ve Budist milliyetçiler, kitlesel şiddet eylemlerini başlatmıştı.

Birleşmiş Milletlere (BM) göre, 25 Ağustos 2017'den sonra Arakan'daki baskı ve zulümden kaçıp Bangladeş'e sığınanların sayısı 745 bine ulaştı. Uluslararası insan hakları kuruluşları, yayımladıkları uydu görüntüleriyle yüzlerce köyün yok edildiğini kanıtladı.

Bangladeş, ülkedeki Arakanlı mültecilerin yurtlarına dönüşü için Myanmar ile vardığı anlaşmayı uygulamaktan vazgeçerken, uluslararası medya ve yardım kuruluşlarının Arakan bölgesine girişini ciddi oranda kısıtlayan Myanmar hükümeti ise Arakanlı Müslümanların dönüşlerine ilişkin verdiği sözleri yerine getirmedi.

BM ve uluslararası insan hakları örgütleri, Arakanlı Müslümanlara yönelik şiddeti "etnik temizlik" ya da "soykırım" olarak adlandırıyor.

İnsan hakları örgütleri, Arakanlı Müslümanların güvenli ortam sağlanmadan Myanmar'a dönmelerinin yeni bir etnik temizlik kampanyasına yol açacağı endişesini taşıyor.

Islamic bloc approves legal action against Myanmar

By Md. Kamruzzaman

DHAKA, Bangladesh (AA) – In a major diplomatic breakthrough, the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) unanimously adopted a resolution to move the International Court of Justice (ICJ) for establishing the legal rights of Rohingya Muslims, the Bangladesh Foreign Ministry said Monday.

"The resolution to pursue a legal recourse through the ICJ came after a long series of negotiations to seek accountability for crimes committed against humanity and gross violation of human rights in the case of the Rohingya in Myanmar," the minister said in a statement.

The Rohingya, described by the UN as the world's most persecuted people, have faced heightened fears of attack since dozens were killed in communal violence in 2012.

According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.

The resolution was adopted in the final session of the OIC Council of Foreign Ministers in Abu Dhabi which concluded on Sunday.

Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

More than 34,000 Rohingya were also thrown into fires, while over 114,000 others were beaten, said the OIDA report, titled "Forced Migration of Rohingya: The Untold Experience."

Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.

The UN has also documented mass gang rapes, killings – including of infants and young children – brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces.

In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity and genocidal intent.

35 Rohingya found stranded on Malaysian beach

            By Md. Kamruzzaman</p>  <p><br></p>  <p>DHAKA, Bangladesh (AA) – Villagers in Malaysia found 35 Rohingya women and children stranded Friday along a beach in the country’s northernmost state of Perlis, Radio Free Asia (RFA) reported.</p>  <p><br></p>  <p>Human traffickers could have dropped off the group from neighboring Thailand, local and international media quoted Malaysian officials and local residents as saying.</p>  <p><br></p>  <p>“Based on information gathered by my officers who were at the scene, a group of illegal immigrants believed to be of Rohingya descent was found by the side of the road while another group was still in the sea and assisted to the shore by the public,” RFA quoted police chief Noor Mushtar Mohd as saying.</p>  <p><br>

They might have been dropped off by a fishing boat before dawn on Friday, Mohd said, adding they had to march through the muddy shore during low tide before they met the villagers who aided them with food and new clothes.

“The Rohingya women and children were fed before they were handed over to immigration officers who transported them to the Belantik Immigration Office, about 134 kilometers (83 miles) south,” he added.

A spokeswoman for the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) in Kuala Lumpur, Yante Ismail, however, told local media that the agency would be in contact with Malaysian authorities to seek access to these individuals to assess their needs and humanitarian assistance.

On Thursday, Md Shahidul Haque, the foreign secretary of Bangladesh, the host country of more than 1.2 million Rohingya refugees, told the UN Security Council that the country would no longer be in a position to accommodate more Rohingya refugees.

“Today, without a legal identity, they are at the mercy of traffickers and drug dealers,” UN Humanitarian Envoy Ahmed Al Meraikhi said in Bangladesh’s capital Dhaka on Feb. 27 following a two-day visit to Rohingya camps in Cox’s Bazar district.

According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community in August 2017.

Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).

More than 34,000 Rohingya were also thrown into fires, while over 114,000 others were beaten, said the OIDA report, titled "Forced Migration of Rohingya: The Untold Experience".

Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.

UN urges Bangladesh to keep doors open to Rohingya

             By Michael Hernandez</p>  <p>WASHINGTON (AA) - The UN on Friday urged Bangladesh to continue to allow Rohingya fleeing persecution in neighboring Myanmar entry into the country. </p>  <p>Bangladeshi Foreign Minister Shahidul Haque informed the Security Council on Thursday that the country could not cope with additional refugees, accusing Myanmar of &quot;making empty promises&quot; about the return to the country of those who fled to Bangladesh. </p>  <p>UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric told reporters at the international body's New York headquarters that it is vital Dhaka continue to allow refugees into the country.</p>  <p>&quot;Bangladesh has been amazingly generous in the support they have given the Rohingya refugees,&quot; Dujarric said. &quot;It is important that people fleeing conflict are able to find safe haven wherever they go.&quot;</p>  <p>According to Amnesty International, more than 750,000 Rohingya refugees, mostly women and children, have fled Myanmar and crossed into Bangladesh after Myanmar forces launched a crackdown on the minority Muslim community beginning in August 2017.</p>  <p>Since Aug. 25, 2017, nearly 24,000 Rohingya Muslims have been killed by Myanmar’s state forces, according to a report by the Canada-based Ontario International Development Agency (OIDA).</p>  <p>Some 18,000 Rohingya women and girls were raped by Myanmar’s army and police and over 115,000 Rohingya homes were burned down and 113,000 others vandalized, it added.</p>  <p>The UN has documented mass gang rapes, killings -- including of infants and young children -- brutal beatings and disappearances committed by Myanmar state forces.</p>  <p>In a report, UN investigators said such violations may have constituted crimes against humanity.

BM'den Bangladeş'e “Arakanlılara kapıyı kapatma” çağrısı

BİRLEŞMİŞ MİLLETLER (AA) – Birleşmiş Milletler (BM), Myanmar'dan daha fazla Arakanlıyı kabul edemeyeceğini açıklayan Bangladeş'e, mültecilere kapılarını açık tutması çağrısı yaptı.

BM Genel Sekreteri Stephane Dujarric, günlük basın brifinginde, ''Bangladeş, Arakanlı mültecilere verdiği destekle inanılmaz cömert davrandı. Çatışmalardan kaçanların neresi olursa olsun güvenli liman bulabilmeleri önemli.'' dedi.

Bangladeş Dışişleri Bakanı Shahidul Haque, BM Güvenlik Konseyi'nde yaptığı konuşmada, "Bangladeş'in Myanmar'dan daha fazla insanı kabul edebilecek pozisyonda olmadığını üzülerek bildirmek zorundayım." demişti.

Arakan'da yaşanan krizin, zorla yerlerinden edilerek Bangladeş'e sığınan ve 18 aydır kamplarda yaşayan Rohingya Müslümanlarını etkilemekle kalmadığını, aynı zamanda Bangladeş'in ekonomisi, sosyal yapısı ve güvenliği üzerinde de olumsuz izler bıraktığını belirten Haque, insan tacirleri ve uyuşturucu kaçakçılığıyla da karşı karşıya olduklarını ifade etmişti.

Myanmar'ı, Arakanlı mültecilerin geri dönüşüne ilişkin "boş vaatlerde" bulunmakla suçlayan Haque, uygun koşullar sağlanmadığı için tek bir Arakanlının dahi Myanmar'a dönmediğini söylemişti.

  • Arakanlı Müslümanlara etnik temizlik

Arakan'da 2012'de Budistler ile Müslümanlar arasında çatışmalar çıkmış, olaylarda çoğu Müslüman binlerce kişi katledilmiş, yüzlerce ev ve iş yeri ateşe verilmişti.

Arakan'daki sınır karakollarına 25 Ağustos 2017'de düzenlenen eş zamanlı saldırıları gerekçe gösteren Myanmar ordusu ve Budist milliyetçiler, kitlesel şiddet eylemlerini başlatmıştı.

Birleşmiş Milletlere göre, 25 Ağustos 2017'den sonra Arakan'daki baskı ve zulümden kaçıp Bangladeş'e sığınanların sayısı 745 bine ulaştı. Uluslararası insan hakları kuruluşları, yayımladıkları uydu görüntüleriyle yüzlerce köyün yok edildiğini kanıtladı.

Bangladeş, ülkedeki Arakanlı mültecilerin yurtlarına dönüşü için Myanmar ile vardığı anlaşmayı uygulamaktan vazgeçerken, uluslararası medya ve yardım kuruluşlarının Arakan bölgesine girişini ciddi oranda kısıtlayan Myanmar hükümeti ise Arakanlı Müslümanların dönüşlerine ilişkin verdiği sözleri yerine getirmedi.

BM ve uluslararası insan hakları örgütleri, Arakanlı Müslümanlara yönelik şiddeti "etnik temizlik" ya da "soykırım" olarak adlandırıyor.

İnsan hakları örgütleri, Arakanlı Müslümanların güvenli ortam sağlanmadan Myanmar'a dönmelerinin yeni bir etnik temizlik kampanyasına yol açacağı endişesini taşıyor.