Indonesia: Losing candidate to reject election results

  By Nicky Aulia Widadio</p> <p> JAKARTA, Indonesia (AA) - Indonesian presidential candidate Prabowo Subianto said late on Monday he will reject the results of elections held last month if the grievances of his party are not addressed.

He urged the election commission to correct the irregularities and errors in data entry before announcing results on May 22.

Based on early results, incumbent President Joko Widodo and his running mate Ma'ruf Amin are leading by 13 million votes with 70% of the votes counted.

Quoting figures by his own party members, Subianto said he was leading with 58% of the votes.

"This time I will not accept a fraudulent outcome," Subianto told foreign reporters in Jakarta.

Subianto, a former military commander, had also rejected the 2014 election results.

As a middle ground, Subianto requested third parties and experts to audit the official vote count conducted by the election commission.

“We’re very pessimistic, but we’re giving the charge to our people … If they [General Election Commission] are serious, we have a lot of experts, we can get international experts,” he said.

“Whatever people do, it’s the decision of the people. I don’t dictate them to do this and that … I will not call people to the street, but I am convinced they will be on the street,” he added.

More than 192 million Indonesians went to the polls on April 17 to vote in the nation’s first simultaneous presidential and legislative elections.

Both presidential candidates first ran against each other in the 2014 election, when Subianto lost by six percentage points to Widodo.

UPDATE 2 – World news agencies stand with Anadolu after attack

             UPDATES WITH INDONESIA'S ANTARA NEWS AGENCY</p>  <p>By Vakkas Dogantekin </p>  <p>ANKARA (AA) - Major international journalist groups have joined a rising chorus of worldwide condemnation of Saturday’s Israeli attack razing the Gaza Strip office of Turkey’s Anadolu Agency.</p>  <p>The Organization of Asia-Pacific News Agencies (OANA) and European Alliance of News Agencies (EANA) both issued statements Sunday in solidarity with Anadolu Agency, whose office was destroyed in the Israeli airstrikes. </p>  <p>In a message to Anadolu Agency Director General Senol Kazanci, OANA President Aslan Aslanov expressed his sorrow over the incident. </p>  <p>&quot;Any attacks on media representatives and freedom of speech and information are unacceptable,&quot; Aslanov said. </p>  <p>He added that &quot;efforts to restrict the activities of media and journalists pose a threat to freedom of speech and run contrary to international legal norms.&quot;</p>  <p>OANA was founded in Bangkok in 1961 at the First General Assembly of Asian news agencies on the initiative of UNESCO.</p>  <p>Europe’s EANA said it had learned “that the Gaza office of our member agency Anadolu was damaged during the recent conflict in the region&quot;.</p>  <p>&quot;EANA regards the security of journalists as a precondition of freedom of speech. Therefore EANA asks for special attention to the life and health of journalists doing their job in the field,&quot; said an EANA statement. </p>  <p>EANA, a Swiss-based nonprofit association of news agencies, was founded in 1956.

Indonesia’s Antara News Agency also condemned the attack in a statement saying: "We are confident that we can represent the Indonesian press community in expressing condemnation of this attack on freedom of the press."

– ‘Violation of rules of war’

An Indonesian journalists association also condemned Saturday’s Israeli attack.

Abdul Manan, chairman of the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI), said on Sunday that the attack violated international conventions stating that institutions such as hospitals, the media, and humanitarian groups cannot be targeted in a conflict.

"Parties not involved in the conflict must not be attacked," Manan told Anadolu Agency.

Manan alleged that Israel deliberately carried out the attack, as Anadolu Agency is a news agency that routinely reports on attacks and human rights violations Israel commits in Palestine.

The attack, according to Manan, was also an attack on press freedom in Palestine.

"This will worsen the situation in Palestine, because it minimizes the possibility of outside media knowing what happened there, which has been reported quite intensely by Anadolu," said Manan.

His group, said Manan, urged the international community to pressure Israel to immediately stop the violence, “so that similar incidents do not recur in the future."

– ‘Press freedom must be defended’

The first condemnation of the Israeli attack came on Saturday by Michalis Psilos, head of the Alliance of Mediterranean News Agencies (AMAN) and secretary-general of the Association of Balkan News Agencies – Southeast Europe (ABNA-SE).

Psilos, who is also president and general director of the Athens News Agency/Macedonian Press Agency (ANA/MPA), conveyed his support to Anadolu Agency Director General Senol Kazanci in a message.

“We condemn the attack on Anadolu Agency’s office. It is imperative to defend press freedom against such attacks,” the message read.

<p>Israeli warplanes hit the building in Gaza where Anadolu Agency’s office is located with at least five rockets after warning shots, the agency's correspondent in Jerusalem reported. No injuries or death were reported, but the building was destroyed.</p>  <p>Founded in 1920, Anadolu Agency currently produces news in 13 languages and serves 6,000 subscribers in 93 countries, with at least 3,000 employees stationed in 100 countries.</p>  <p>On a daily basis, Anadolu Agency publishes an average of 1,600 stories, 2,300 photos, six infographics, and 400 videos, and airs 15 live broadcasts. </p>  <p>  
  • Hayati Nupus from Jakarta contributed to this report

Indonesia: Muslim groups urge UN action against Israel

             By Hayati Nupus and Umar Idris</p>  <p>JAKARTA (AA) - The two top Muslim groups in Indonesia on Sunday urged the UN to crack down on Israel in the wake of its airstrikes razing the Anadolu Agency office in the Gaza Strip.</p>  <p>Abdul Mu'ti, the secretary of Muhammadiyah, said Saturday’s attack violated international law.</p>  <p>&quot;Israel has clearly violated the sovereignty of other countries and media freedom,&quot; Mu'ti told Anadolu Agency.</p>  <p>The UN Security Council, said Mu'ti, must urge Israel to stop its aggression.</p>  <p>Likewise, Muslim countries and communities must not be silent in the face of Israeli violence, he added.</p>  <p>&quot;They must show Islamic solidarity with political support for Turkey, press freedom, and the nation's integrity,&quot; Mu'ti said.</p>  <p>Bahtiar Effendy, Muhammadiyah’s top foreign policy official, said the attack should be condemned not only by sympathizers and supporters of Palestine but also those who believe in freedom of expression.</p>  <p>&quot;This brutal act of Israel clearly wants to silence the mass media, which has been preaching the increasingly alarming condition of Gaza,&quot; Bahtiar said.</p>  <p>Despite its razed office, Bahtiar said Anadolu Agency will not shrink from reporting the facts of Israel violence on Palestine.</p>  <p>The attack will only confirm Anadolu Agency's confidence and commitment in carrying out its press functions, he said.</p>  <p>Muhammadiyah will always support the news opening the world’s eyes about what Israel is doing to Palestine, Bahtiar said.</p>  <p> </p>  <p>- ‘Inhuman act’</p>  <p><br>

Helmy Faishal Zain, the head of Nahdlatul Ulama’s (PNBU) Executive Board, said the attack was an inhuman act and wounded humanity.

"Violence in any form, and with any motives, is not justified, because it is a crime against humanity," said Helmy.

The PBNU, Helmy added, urged the UN to immediately investigate and take firm action against the perpetrators of the attack.

At the same time, added Helmy, the PBNU supports the Indonesian government taking proactive steps to help deal with extremism, terrorism, and conflict in the Middle East.

Robikin Emhas, a legal official at PBNU, hailed the press’ role in democracy, in informing and educating people.

"Threats and violence against the press cannot be justified and must be accounted for, both publicly and legally," Robikin said.

Israeli warplanes hit the Anadolu Agency building Saturday with at least five missiles after warning shots, reported the Anadolu Agency correspondent in Gaza.

No injuries or deaths were reported.

UPDATE – World news agencies stand with Anadolu after attack

             UPDATES WITH AJI CONDEMNATION, GREEK CONDEMNATION</p>  <p>By Vakkas Dogantekin </p>  <p>ANKARA (AA) - Major international journalist groups have joined a rising chorus of worldwide condemnation of Saturday’s Israeli attack razing the Gaza Strip office of Turkey’s Anadolu Agency.</p>  <p>The Organization of Asia-Pacific News Agencies (OANA) and European Alliance of News Agencies (EANA) both issued statements Sunday in solidarity with Anadolu Agency, whose office was destroyed in the Israeli airstrikes. </p>  <p>In a message to Anadolu Agency Director General Senol Kazanci, OANA President Aslan Aslanov expressed his sorrow over the incident. </p>  <p>&quot;Any attacks on media representatives and freedom of speech and information are unacceptable,&quot; Aslanov said. </p>  <p>He added that &quot;efforts to restrict the activities of media and journalists pose a threat to freedom of speech and run contrary to international legal norms.&quot;</p>  <p>OANA was founded in Bangkok in 1961 at the First General Assembly of Asian news agencies on the initiative of UNESCO.</p>  <p>Europe’s EANA said it had learned “that the Gaza office of our member agency Anadolu was damaged during the recent conflict in the region&quot;</p>  <p>&quot;EANA regards the security of journalists as a precondition of freedom of speech. Therefore EANA asks for special attention to the life and health of journalists doing their job in the field,&quot; said an EANA statement. </p>  <p>EANA, a Swiss-based nonprofit association of news agencies, was founded in 1956.<br> <br> <br> </p>  <p>- ‘Violation of rules of war’</p>  <p>An Indonesian journalists association also condemned Saturday’s Israeli attack.</p>  <p>Abdul Manan, chairman of the Alliance of Independent Journalists (AJI), said on Sunday that the attack violated international conventions stating that institutions such as hospitals, the media, and humanitarian groups cannot be targeted in a conflict.</p>  <p>&quot;Parties not involved in the conflict must not be attacked,&quot; Manan told Anadolu Agency.</p>  <p>Manan alleged that Israel deliberately carried out the attack, as Anadolu Agency is a news agency that routinely reports on attacks and human rights violations Israel commits in Palestine.</p>  <p>The attack, according to Manan, was also an attack on press freedom in Palestine.</p>  <p>&quot;This will worsen the situation in Palestine, because it minimizes the possibility of outside media knowing what happened there, which has been reported quite intensely by Anadolu,&quot; said Manan.</p>  <p>His group, said Manan, urged the international community to pressure Israel to immediately stop the violence, “so that similar incidents do not recur in the future.&quot;</p>  <p> </p>  <p>- ‘Press freedom must be defended’</p>  <p>The first condemnation of the Israeli attack came on Saturday by Michalis Psilos, head of the Alliance of Mediterranean News Agencies (AMAN) and secretary-general of the Association of Balkan News Agencies - Southeast Europe (ABNA-SE).</p>  <p>Psilos, who is also president and general director of the Athens News Agency/Macedonian Press Agency (ANA/MPA), conveyed his support to Anadolu Agency Director General Senol Kazanci in a message.</p>  <p>“We condemn the attack on Anadolu Agency’s office. It is imperative to defend press freedom against such attacks,” the message read.</p>    <p>Israeli warplanes hit the building in Gaza where Anadolu Agency’s office is located with at least five rockets after warning shots, the agency's correspondent in Jerusalem reported. No injuries or death were reported, but the building was destroyed.</p>  <p>Founded in 1920, Anadolu Agency currently produces news in 13 languages and serves 6,000 subscribers in 93 countries, with at least 3,000 employees stationed in 100 countries.</p>  <p>On a daily basis, Anadolu Agency publishes an average of 1,600 stories, 2,300 photos, six infographics, and 400 videos, and airs 15 live broadcasts. </p>  <p>  <p>* Hayati Nupus from Jakarta contributed to this report </p>  <p> 

Indonesia: Over 350 poll workers, police die of fatigue

                         By Nicky Aulia Widadio</p>    <p>JAKARTA (AA) - A total of 367 Indonesian election workers and police personnel died of fatigue caused by excessive workload during and after general elections held on April 17 in the country, the election body said on Monday.</p>    <p>According to the General Election Commission, 70% of the deceased were over 40 years of age.</p>    <p>Arif Rahman Hakim, the commission’s secretary general, said 2,151 more members of the Voting Organizing Group have fallen sick, according to the data gathered up to Monday morning.</p>    <p>Based on a court ruling in 2014, the presidential and legislative elections were held simultaneously on the same day -- the first time in the country’s history.</p>    <p>That means each voter had to cast five separate ballots for president and vice president, House of Representatives, Regional Representatives Council, provincial legislative council and regional or municipal legislative council.</p>    <p>For this year’s elections, the election commission recruited around 7 million people to help run more than 800,000 polling stations.</p>    <p>Previously, Fritz Siregar, a member of the Election Supervisory Board, said the simultaneous elections have significantly increased the workload of polling workers.</p>    <p>&quot;That caused a lot of fatigue, many of them fell sick and died,&quot; said Siregar.</p>    <p><br>
  • Compensation

Widiriyani, 52, a worker who helped run a polling station in West Sumatra’s city of Bukittinggi, admitted to Anadolu Agency that this year’s workload is heavier than before.

She said seven members of the Voting Organizing Group have to count and recapitulate more than 1,000 ballots from 225 voters at the polling station where she was in charge.

According to Widiriyani, calculating legislatives votes took the longest time as they had to count votes for dozens of political parties and hundreds of candidates.

In addition, the Voting Organizing Group was also in charge of preparing reports and other administrative jobs to be submitted to the election commission.

"On the voting day, we started working at 07.00 a.m. local time [0000GMT], started counting votes at 02.00 p.m. [0700GMT], and finished at 3.30 a.m. [2000GMT]," she said.

She said each member of the Voting Organizing Group received allowance of 605,000 Indonesian rupiahs ($42.6), without insurance and were not accompanied by health workers.

Addressing this situation, the government approved election commission’s proposal to provide compensation to election officials, who experienced misfortune while preparing, performing and after completing their duties.

"This compensation applies to officials who experience misfortune from January 2019 until the end of their term of service," Evi Novida Ginting, the election commissioner, said in a statement on Monday.

The families of those who died will be given a compensation of 36 million Indonesian rupiahs ($2,534), while those who were sick, injured or disabled will be given 8.25 million to 30 million Indonesian rupiahs ($581-$2,112).

– Calls for evaluation

Indonesian Vice President Jusuf Kalla called for evaluating the decision to hold simultaneous presidential and legislative elections on the same day.

"Should we just let it continue so that in the next five years, hundreds will die of exhaustion after counting for a long time? It must be proportional," said Kalla.

He believed that the meaning of "simultaneously" in the election needs to be reviewed.

Rules related to elections can be possibly changed through the revision of the Act by the House of Representatives.

Executive Director of Association for Elections and Democracy Titi Anggraini criticized the 2019 election system, saying it was more like "bulk elections", rather than "simultaneous elections".

She suggested that the simultaneous elections should be divided into two parts: national and local elections.

"This system will reduce the workload of the workers," Anggraini added.

Indonesia: Death toll in floods climbs to 31

              <p>By Beyza Binnur Donmez</p>  <p>ANKARA (AA) - The death toll from floods in western Indonesia climbed to 31 on Monday, according to the national disaster management agency. </p>  <p>The Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) said 29 people died in the Bengkulu province on the southwest coast of Sumatra, while four were injured -- two seriously -- and 13 remain missing.</p>  <p>Some 13,000 people have been affected by flooding and landslides, and 12,000 disaster victims have been relocated.</p>  <p>A total of 184 homes, seven educational facilities, and a great many roads and other pieces of infrastructure were damaged.</p>  <p>Last week two people died from flooding in the capital Jakarta and more than 2,000 were displaced.</p>  <p>Search and rescue operations in the disaster area are ongoing.</p>  <p>More than 100 people died following Papua floods last month in eastern Indonesia.</p>  <p>Landslides and flooding are common in Indonesia, especially during the monsoon season between October and April, when rain lashes the vast tropical archipelago.</p>      

Turkey’s IHH supports 95,000 orphan children globally

            By Nilay Kar Onum</p>  <p>ISTANBUL (AA) – Turkey's Humanitarian Relief Foundation (IHH) has been lending a helping hand to thousands of orphaned children across the world, said an official from the foundation. </p>  <p> “We’ve been providing support to 95,000 orphans in 53 countries regularly. We are trying to prepare them for life, thanks to the support of our donors,” said Resat Baser, head of IHH’s Orphan Care Department, speaking exclusively to Anadolu Agency in Istanbul.</p>  <p> “We are particularly focusing on the education of the children. In crisis regions, education of children and their development are very important for us,” Baser said. </p>  <p>His remarks came as Turkey marks National Sovereignty and Children’s Day, which is observed every year on April 23.</p>  <p>“One of the countries we focus on is Palestine. As of today, we are regularly supporting more than 16,000 orphans there,” he said. </p>  <p>Most of the aid in Palestine is going to orphaned children in Gaza through IHH’s team in the blockaded city and banks, Baser said. </p>  <p>According to official estimates, 80% of Gaza City’s inhabitants depend on foreign assistance to survive. Some 40%, meanwhile, currently live below the poverty line.</p>  <p>Since 2006, the Gaza Strip has suffered under a crippling Israeli blockade that has gutted the territory’s economy and deprived its 2 million inhabitants of many staple commodities.</p>  <p>The IHH has also been providing support to more than 10,000 orphaned children in Syria, Baser said. </p>  <p>“The majority of the children we are giving support to in Syria are living in the region where [Turkey’s] Operation Euphrates Shield was launched and in Afrin,” where its Operation Olive Branch was conducted, he said.</p>  <p>The IHH has been carrying out aid projects in war-torn Syria since the country’s devastating conflict began in 2011, when the Bashar al-Assad regime cracked down on demonstrators with unexpected ferocity.  </p>  <p>Since Afrin’s liberation in March 2018 through Operation Olive Branch, the aid agency has also distributed hot meals to an estimated one million Syrians. 

– IHH helps 6,000 children in Yemen

Another country that IHH focuses on is Yemen.

“We have over 6,000 orphaned children in Yemen that we give support to,” Baser said.

“Delivering daily needs such as food aid and hygiene supplies is very important in Yemen. We also attach importance to the education of mothers there and delivering stationery supplies to children. We've been regularly delivering such aid there,” he added.

“We also have 1,000 children in Moro in the Philippines that we’re providing support to.

“Moro is very important in terms of the role that both Turkey and IHH played in the peace process. It is a place that we should give support to, in order not to lose the gains there," Baser said.

The aid agency will launch the 9th Orphans Solidarity Day this year.

“As part of this, we will realize 607 projects in 33 countries in order to provide support to both orphaned children and their families,” Baser said.

“Our main goal with this project is to improve the lives of the mothers of the children and to provide employment to them,” he said.

– Children grateful for support

In a video message sent to Anadolu Agency, 10-year-old Nura Halife from Syria thanked the Turkish government and IHH for their support.

"I hope we will return to our homes in a safe way," she said.

"I want peace for all the people and children across the world."

Sending a written message to Anadolu Agency, 13-year-old Vera Marvinda from Indonesia’s Aceh province said: “IHH has changed a lot of things in my life. It helped me study and learn my religion.”

“When I hear the name IHH, I become happy and would like to visit there,” Marvinda said.

There are an estimated 400 million orphans around the world.

IHH operates 36 orphanages in 13 countries, according to the agency’s website.

The aid agency is supporting orphaned children through the Orphan Sponsorship System.

Anyone who wishes to sponsor an orphan child can visit www.ihh.org.tr and send $30 monthly for their education, health, food, clothing and housing.

UPDATE – Indonesia condemns terror attacks in Sri Lanka

UPDATE WITH CONDEMNATIONS OF CHINA, MALAYSIA, PHILIPPINES

By Erric Permana, Nicky Aulia Widadio

JAKARTA (AA) – Indonesia strongly condemned deadly bombing attacks targeting churches and hotels in Colombo, Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday.

"On behalf of Indonesian people, I wish to convey our deepest condolences and sympathies to the people and government of Sri Lanka and all families of the victims," President Joko Widodo said on Twitter.

The terror attacks were also condemned by the Indonesian Ulema Council — the country's highest clerical body — and its leader Secretary General Anwar Abbas who said the bombings were disgraceful and callous acts.

"The MUI offers its condolences to the families of the victims and the injured. We hope the people and government of Sri Lanka stay vigilant and united against such acts of terrorism," Abbas said in a written statement released on Monday.

He also called on the world community to refrain from associating the attacks with any religion.

The MUI expressed hope that Sri Lankan security forces would arrest those responsible as soon as possible and punish them severely.

  • China, Malaysia condole

    Chinese President Xi Jinping and Premier Li Keqiang on late Sunday sent condolence messages to Sri Lankan President Maithripala Sirisena.

    "I, on behalf of the Chinese government and people, as well as myself, send my deep condolences to the victims, and my sincere sympathy to the injured and families of the victims," Xi said in a written statement.

    Xi said the Chinese government would support Sri Lanka and its government's efforts to achieve national security.

    Malaysia's King Sultan Abdullah and its government condemned the incident.

    “Malaysia strongly condemns the act of terrorism and urge that the perpetrators be brought to justice,” Foreign Minister Datuk Saifuddin Abdullah said.

    Anwar Ibrahim, Malaysia's prime minister-in-waiting, also condemned the vicious attack in Sri Lanka.

    “Our thoughts & prayers are with the victims & their mourning families, just as our support is with the government in bringing the perpetrators to justice,” Ibrahim said on Twitter.

    Philippine Presidential Spokesperson Salvador Panelo condemned the attacks in Sri Lanka and said: “As we recall our recent commitment to boost ties with Sri Lanka and the warm relations between the leaders of our countries, we express our sincere solidarity and offer our heartfelt prayers to the citizens of Sri Lanka as well as to the other people who have been affected by this horrific attack on the churches and hotels in the said South Asian country on what should have been a day for solemn prayer and thoughtful introspection.”

A total of eight explosions — six of them on Sunday morning and the remaining two later in the day — were reported in and just outside the country’s capital Colombo.

In the morning, churches in Kochchikade, Negombo and Batticaloa cities, as well as Kingsbury, Cinnamon Grand and Shangri La hotels in Colombo were targeted.

There has been a petrol bomb attack on a mosque in the northwestern district of Puttalum and arson attacks on two shops owned by Muslims in the western district of Kalutara on Sunday night, according to police reports.

So far, the death toll has risen to 290 people with over 500 people injured.

Indonesia condemns terror attacks in Sri Lanka

By Erric Permana, Nicky Aulia Widadio

JAKARTA (AA) – Indonesia strongly condemned deadly bombing attacks targeting churches and hotels in Colombo, Sri Lanka on Easter Sunday.

"On behalf of Indonesian people, I wish to convey our deepest condolences and sympathies to the people and government of Sri Lanka and all families of the victims," President Joko Widodo said on twitter.

The terror attacks were also condemned by the Indonesian Ulema Council — the country's highest clerical body — and its leader Secretary General Anwar Abbas who said the bombings were disgraceful and callous acts.

"The MUI offers its condolences to the families of the victims and the injured. We hope the people and government of Sri Lanka stay vigilant and united against such acts of terrorism," Abbas said in a written statement released on Monday.

He also called on the world community to refrain from associating the attacks with any religion.

The MUI expressed hope that Sri Lankan security forces would arrest those responsible as soon as possible and punish them severely.

A total of eight explosions – six of them on Sunday morning and the remaining two later in the day – were reported in and just outside the country’s capital Colombo.

In the morning, churches in Kochchikade, Negombo and Batticaloa cities, as well as Kingsbury, Cinnamon Grand and Shangri La hotels in Colombo were targeted.

There has been a petrol bomb attack on a mosque in the northwestern district of Puttalum and arson attacks on two shops owned by Muslims in the western district of Kalutara on Sunday night, according to police reports.

So far, the death toll has risen to 290 people with over 500 people were injured.

PROFILE – Indonesia: Widodo from furnisher to two time president

By Nicky Aulia Widadio and Muhammad Latief

JAKARTA (AA) – Joko Widodo is leading the presidential race in Indonesia, early and unofficial results from Wednesday's vote claim.

Widodo's journey from a furniture company owner to president of a country with the largest Muslim population started as mayor of his hometown Solo.

In 2005, supported by the Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDIP), he was elected mayor, which became a stepping stone for an illustrious political career ahead.

He received applause for successfully relocating 900 street vendors in the historic Banjarsari Solo Park, to a new better location.

This success attracted public attention as the relocation of street vendors in Indonesia was often followed by clashes between traders and security forces.

He also gained a reputation for making impromptu visits to development project sites to personally oversee the situation on the field.

His popularity won him a second term as mayor in 2010, which he did not complete as he was running for governor of capital Jakarta.

In 2012, he was elected the governor of Jakarta.

A year later, Widodo managed to organize the Tanah Abang Market, the largest wholesale center in Southeast Asia, which also had complicated issues related to street vendors and thuggery.

During his tenure as a governor, Widodo also started the ground breaking of the first mass rapid transit project in Jakarta as well as in Indonesia, which started operating in March, after six years of construction.

Two years later, his party nominated him for the 2014 presidential election.

He defeated former military strongman Prabowo Subianto to win the election.

In the first period of his administration, Widodo focused on infrastructure development.

He claimed to have built 782 kilometers (485.9 miles) of toll roads by the end of 2018. This year, the length of the highway will go up to 1,854 km (1152 mi).

Widodo also built 754.59 km (468.5 mi) of railway line as well as upgrading and rehabilitating the 413.6 km (256.63 mi) sport track.

The next project he has in his agenda is the construction of dam and reservoir routes. He has completed the construction of the Jatigede dam in West Java, which had been planned in the first President Sukarno’s period.

Widodo believes in a strong infrastructure to accelerate economic growth and aims to take Indonesia out of the middle-income country list.