By Dilara Hamit</p> <p>ANKARA (AA) – Young people in Turkey are still seeking job security, a better living status and an open career path, a generational studies expert said Wednesday.</p> <p>In an exclusive interview with Anadolu Agency, Evrim Kuran, the director of an employer branding research and consulting company, said the employment expectations of generation Y in Turkey are similar to those of Baby Boomers and Generation X.</p> <p>In general, people born between 1946 and 1964 are known as Baby Boomers and Generation Xers were born between 1965 and 1979, while those born between 1980 and 1994 are known as Generation Y.</p> <p>Generation Z, who are just starting to enter the workforce, were born after 1996.</p> <p>"Our research indicates that the stress levels of young Turkish people are very high compared to many other countries," Kuran said.</p> <p>Kuran said recent graduates and college students in Turkey have more traditional expectations, which is not surprising.</p> <p>She noted that the insufficient number of young entrepreneurs could be directly related to the country's education system.</p> <p>"Our system does not support critical thinking and creative intelligence, which are among the most important competencies of the century.</p> <p>"Therefore, there are not many young people who pursue innovation, take risks and can work with uncertainties," Kuran said.</p> <p>While stressing that Generation Y has less repressive parents, she said it is not true that they grew up more comfortably compared to previous generations.</p> <p>"We are briefly talking about a generation that is facing unemployment, inadequacy, a lack of talent and professionalism.</p> <p>"Today, unfortunately, many comparative global studies show that the youth in our country are unable to gain competencies and use them in their careers," she said.<br> <br> </p> <p>- Research alone not enough</p> <p>Although there are many universities in Turkey, Kuran said most of the graduates' qualifications are not sufficient to find a job.</p> <p>"It is too late to wait and form some kind of competency at university," she said. "Young talents should be invested in starting from their primary education period."</p> <p>Pointing out how difficult it is to be successful in a competitive business environment, Kuran said a huge amount of individual effort has to be made.</p> <p>"In other words, parents and young people in Turkey have to push more and work hard compared to the world's most developed economies," she said.</p> <p>Kuran noted that a wide range of studies on Generation Y have been conducted over a decade, providing a meaningful infrastructure for carrying out research on Generation Z.</p> <p>"However, identifying generations or conducting research to understand them are not enough," she said. "Actions favorable in theory that fail in practice are useless."</p> <p>She urged the public sector to play a more active role in these studies and work on modified models.</p> <p>"The critical point is what institutions and leaders will contribute to the coming generations.</p> <p>"They should decide which values of the older generations will be embraced and how to make use of these with the new generations," she added.</p> <p>
By Umar Farooq
WASHINGTON (AA) – A large number of Americans are stressed over the future of their country, according to a poll released Tuesday.
In its annual “Stress in America” survey, the American Psychological Association (APA) reached out to 3,458 Americans across the country’s 50 states and found that more than two-thirds or 69 percent of them were stressed over the trajectory the U.S. was currently taking.
The figure is an uptick from last year, when 63 percent felt this way.
The survey was released ahead of midterm elections on Nov. 6, when Americans across the U.S. will flock to polling stations, voting for governors, local officials and members of Congress.
Incidents of political violence and hate have marred the weeks leading up to the polls, with pipe bombs mailed to prominent Democrats and critics of U.S. President Donald Trump and a gunman killing 11 in a mass shooting at a synagogue in Pennsylvania.
“The environment is very toxic,” Arthur C. Evans, the APA’s chief executive officer, told The Washington Post.
The focus of the APA's survey was on Generation Z, or those aged 15-21 in the U.S.
It found that 75 percent of Generation Zer’s consider mass shootings significantly stressful.
"Gen Z members are also more stressed than adults overall about other issues in the news, such as the separation and deportation of immigrant and migrant families and sexual harassment and assault reports," the APA said in a press release.
Some 57 percent of Generation Zer’s said migrant family separation caused them stress and 53 percent said the same about sexual harassment.
But despite their concern for the country’s future, Generation Zer’s are much less likely to vote in the midterm elections. Only half of them said they planned to vote while 70 percent of overall adults said they planned to, according to the poll.
Evans also told the Post that stress can cause a "range of physical and psychological manifestations” including stomach aches, headaches and sleeplessness and lead to obesity, depression and cardiovascular problems.
"More than nine in 10 Gen Z adults [or 91 percent] said they have experienced at least one physical or emotional symptom because of stress," the APA noted.